What is tartar? It is the calcification of the bacterial dental plaque, it is calcified due to the sedimentation of the calcium present in the salivary secretion. The tartar forms around the teeth in the area between the tooth and the gums. Especially in the lower teeth in the inner area and in the upper molars in the outer part due to the proximity of the excretion holes of the salivary glands
The color of the tartar is white yellow to black-brown due to the effects of nicotine, tea, and coffee.
Prevention: It can be prevented thanks to good oral hygiene, after its appearance and its formation cannot be eliminated at home, and is necessary to accede to a dental clinic for his elimination. It is recommended to perform the cleaning every six months along with the routine checkup
Damage: If it is not removed periodically, there will be promote a quick irreversible retraction of the gums that will eventually damage the supporting tissue of the tooth, causing tooth instability and eventual extraction of the tooth.
The treatment process: Removal of tartar is done with an ultrasonic device that, when oscillating at its extreme tip of the device, causes to tartar disintegrate without damaging the tooth. In addition, there are manual instruments that are also used to remove a tartar if it is needed. At the end, the teeth are cleaning and polishing with a small brush embedded in a cleaning paste. Water and dust spray devices are also used that provide additional cleaning and polishing of teeth, and prevent the buildup of tartar for a longer time. These spryers are able to remove stains of nicotine, coffee and tea.