A prosthesis is an artificial substitute for missing teeth. From the lack of a single tooth to the total teeth less. And it is divided into two main groups. The first the lack of a single tooth until the existence of a single tooth in the maxillary and is the partial denture, and the other group is made up of the total lack of all teeth in at least one maxilla and are complete prosthesis or dentures.
The prostheses are used in dentistry for decades but today thanks to implants their demand decreases daily.
For which cases is its use appropriate? The truth is suitable for each case that there is a lack of teeth, patients who have lost a part or all of the teeth and cannot perform fixed rehabilitation such as bridges or implants which is the recommended treatment and the patient’s health conditions, the quality and quantity of bone or the budget reason cannot be making another type of rehabilitation that is not a prosthesis.
It is a good substitute for teeth, is it preferable to remove all our teeth and make dentures? NO AND NO. Prostheses are a substitute for missing teeth and should not be mistakenly assumed to be a substitute for natural teeth. Therefore, it is not recommended to remove healthy teeth without gums problems to make dentures.
Advantages: An excellent solution for missing teeth, restores the function of the masticatory system, returns the phonetics and aesthetics of a person who has lost his teeth. Quick and cheap solution to comparing dental implants. Noninvasive action.
Disadvantages: The prostheses are placed on gums that are not intended to receive the pressure of mastication, therefore, produces a reabsorption of the maxillary bone and the gingival recession that implies a less stability in the daily use and with the years when the situation is aggravated brings with it a great difficulty to use prostheses that tend to move all the time especially the lower one, which does not allow eating with them. inability to eat all kinds of food, very often when eating or at every meal, food goes below the prosthesis that requires immediate cleaning after each meal. The superior prosthesis covering most of the palate causes a loss of taste due to the covering of the taste glands on the palate.
What kinds of materials are used in the manufacture of prosthesis? Teeth are always made of plastic material called acrylic. The teeth are placed in a material also acrylic but pink / red that simulates the gums, in the base inside the acrylic a metal skeleton is made. Partial dentures have hooks/clamps that embrace existing teeth previously using only metal clamps, non-aesthetic that when talking or smiling were seen, to improve the aesthetic situation in recent years have appeared various materials of great flexibility to replace the metal clamps and this is a plastic clamp. The prosthesis can also be combined with rehabilitation with crowns bridges or implants, with precision connections attachments that eliminates the presence of clamps and greatly improves the support and aesthetics of rehabilitation.