Bad breath is a common phenomenon in which unpleasant mouth odors are blown in the air and carried from the inside out of the mouth (for example, while talking). Halitosis has a significant impact, both personally and socially, on people who have it, and is valued as one of the most common reasons for consulting a dentist. 25% of the population suffers from this phenomenon.
The simplest and only way to know if you are spreading bad breath (except that people stay at a safe distance) is to ask your friends or partner. Although there is a medical way of checking the unpleasant phenomenon is by a device called Halimeter that measures the amount and composition of exhaled gases.
Halitosis may be temporary or chronic. The first cases are eating foods that cause unpleasant odors, such as onions, garlic, alcohol and cigarettes. Chronic halitosis is the big problem that can be combated as soon as we know what its source is and how to treat it
So, what is the source of bad odors ?
More than 90% of the odors come from the oral cavity. And the main guilty is the bacteria’s that live in these areas, which break down the proteins in food, epithelial tissue and nasal fluid. degradation products of these proteins produce sulfur-based compounds that are responsible of unpleasant odors (dead sea odor, rotten eggs or rotten meat)
These bacteria live mainly at the base of the tongue, which means in the most posterior part of the tongue, and in the area of the papillae (taste sensors). meals or nose fluids that are not removed for lack of saliva washing, bacterial degradation of the active proteins in these areas produce unpleasant odor. Once there is a decrease in the secretion of saliva increases more and more the bad smell.
A condition such as we feel in the morning after rising and is due to a decrease in the secretion of saliva at night, about 90% less than during the day. A similar situation in fasting, in addition the quantity of salivation is affected by diverse drugs such as those used for the decrease of the blood pressure, and the age especially in the third age in which the glands secrete less saliva unlike to previous decades
Other local problems that cause halitosis in the oral cavity are defective restorations problems, gums infectious processes, impacted food between teeth or dentures not clean all these can cause unpleasant odors. Also, diseases such as diabetes and liver or kidney disease.
The remaining 10% are reasons outside the oral cavity sinusitis tonsillitis and problems in the abdominal cavity. When the source of the problem is the nose, you should consult with a medical specialist to diagnose the existence of pathology or anatomy that requires surgery for repair, such as polyps, sinusitis or obstructed airways.
A bad taste in the mouth does not indicate the presence of bad breath, despite the unpleasant feeling that has to do with natural physiological processes, changes in PH or effect of taking medications.
So, after understanding the source of the bad smell, we will proceed with the diagnosis if we have a problem or not.
Due to difficulties in breathing and self-diagnosis because we are used to our scent the simplest and most reliable way to know if we have bad breath is to contact a friend or your spouse or family member for help for the diagnosis. Ask that person to smell at close range (about 10 centimeters) while speaking. Due to changes in breathing intensity throughout the day, you may need to do some testing during the day to ensure if it is a temporary problem, and sporadic or is a chronic problem. Since we know the source we will see how to handle it.
How to Treat or Prevent Bad Breath?
Maintain oral hygiene and brush your teeth properly ,use dental floss, interdental brush, water irrigators use toothpaste or mouth rinses and of course you should come regularly to the dental clinic to treat problems such as dental caries, replacement of restorations in the case of use of prosthetics, they should be cleaned and disinfected regularly to avoid unpleasant odors.
The tongue is highly recommended after brushing the teeth clean the tongue for this purpose it is recommended to use a tongue cleanser created to remove the layer that builds up behind the tongue.
Diet Avoid foods that produce bad odor like onion or garlic, try to eat foods that clean the tongue like black bread to which the bacteria stick and are removed from the tongue also fruit or hard vegetable that drag bacteria and avoid bad smell.
Chewing gum or sugar-free candy Using these products increases the secretion of saliva and saliva rinses the mouth and prevents odors
Water Drink lots of water that will help wash away food scraps and bacteria Remember that dry mouth will cause bad odor
Alcohol causes dry mouth and strong odors.
Smoking :Smoking beyond the smell of cigarettes dry the mouth, causes problems in the gums and creates nasal mucus that deposits on the tongue and of course creates a very ugly smell in all regions
Mouthwash Rinse in itself helps to remove leftover foods and bacteria, avoid alcohol-based ones such as it is recommended above the alcohol promote dry mouth. The only buccal rinse designed to deal with bacteria developed in Israel was named “Assuta” was composed of different materials divided into two parts, one soluble in water and the other insoluble that was oily, Think of a glass medium amount with water and half amount with oil. There were two liquids of different colors and before the rinsing it is necessary to shake the bottle for about 30 seconds and to cause mixing of the liquids until seeing that the colors change to a unique color and only then it is introduced in the mouth doing the rinsing the active ingredients in the liquid breaks down the bacteria found in the back of the tongue. It is in fact the only substance designed to treat the bad smell today is named “Orbitol”.
In the mouth when the source of the odor is due to dry mouth to avoid dry, chewing sugar-free chewing gum that can help increase the secretion of saliva and thus lead to a lower level of bad breath. Excreted saliva helps to wash the bacterial layer in the mouth, has anti-bacterial properties and stimulates the mechanical activity that helps to clean the mouth. When the condition is severe and there is not much excretion of saliva, it is possible to use artificial saliva that is available on the market (e.g. SALIVAKAL / BIOTENE
Granny’s Medicines Because this is a common problem and already existed in different cultures, plants like parsley, cinnamon, anise, guava shells and rubber resin were used. And to add to the water a few drops of lemon is very beneficial because it induces the saliva secretion and avoids the bad smell.
Cleaning the tongue is used an accessory that should look like a rake with protrusions and be raked with the tongue these should be a few mm so that it could reach the back of the tongue. Not using the toothbrush is like taking the house broom and with it we want to rake the lawn does not sound good, right? that is why it has invented this accessory called tongue cleaner in order to rake the tongue with movements from back to forward you have to buy the smaller as this has to enter the throat area that is very sensitive and can cause effects of nausea and being small will allow maneuverability and cleanliness in this sensitive region.
An important point how to clean the tongue to be able to reach this area, it should pull the whole tongue out beyond the teeth, doing basically the same as when the doctor is asking you to pull out the tongue and say Aaaaaaa so he can examine the throat it is really so, then simply raking or scraping the tongue from the back-tongue area where the bacteria live and cause bad breath if you do not take the whole tongue out you have no chance to clean this area